ECO-DISTRICT IN LOSANNA
LOCATION Lausanne, Switzerland
STATUS International competition
DESIGNERS Antonio Monestiroli, Tomaso Monestiroli, Ilario Boniello, Massimo Ferrari, Raffaella Neri, Claudia Tinazzi
TEAM Marcello Bondavalli, Laura Caluzzi, Federica Cattaneo, Fabio Volpi, Aldo Toto
misure ambientali ed energetiche Sergio Croce
paesaggio Pierluigi Marchesini Viola, Elena Recine
viabilità Stefano Recalcati
The new city must be built in a new and balanced relationship between built-up areas and green areas, entrusting them with the solution to many of the problems of congestion and environmental quality. The city is therefore built in green areas, which must maintain continuity with each other and with the surrounding countryside. We can say that this was one of the points of the modern city-building program laid at the basis of the European Modern Movement’s idea of the city. The city-nature relationship was, and remains for us, one of the qualifying points of a modern city idea.
A second point, fundamental to the definition of a new idea of the city, relates to the definition of city parts, which must have their own recognizable identity, and establish clear relationships with the context in which they are located.
The notion of “part of the city” is essential to the construction of the post-nineteenth-century city, which is defined as a system of relationships between distinct parts, having different qualities and characters. Architecture, as a discipline capable of giving recognizable form to the built environment, must establish qualities and characters of city parts.
The third and no less important point underlying the idea of the modern city concerns infrastructure. If the city is a system of relationships between its constituent parts, and between these and the nature in which the parts are located, infrastructure becomes an indispensable tool for making these relationships operative and effective. These three points that underlie an idea of a modern city, if approached consistently and directed toward the single goal of making the quality of life better, can, by themselves, solve the serious environmental problems from which almost all European cities suffer today, which are due precisely to the lack of green areas or their random and fragmented distribution, urban congestion and the resulting traffic congestion. The competition area is located in a hilly landscape north of the lake and west of the mountain range. Our hypothesis is to construct the strip between the two north-south trending roads with three distinct residential units composed of different building types and interspersed with three systems of tower buildings composed in such a way as to define three high-density urban poles, capable of establishing relationships with the context even at great distances. The central pole is located at the highest part of the land; its component buildings are open to the entire arc of the landscape. Three typologies are proposed: residential buildings 7 stories and 12 stories high, characterized by a clear distinction between the living and sleeping areas, which are composed in such a way as to highlight their difference; 2-story high twin-family houses arranged in the continuous greenery that surrounds them; tower buildings, with basement intended for commercial and tertiary activities, 28 and 30 stories high, with the lower floors intended for offices and other activities such as special residences, hotels, etc., and the upper floors for residences.
The four twin towers, located in the center of the settlement, are arranged like the towers of a “residential castle” open to the surrounding landscape. This modern “castle,” built of iron and glass, should be a landmark for the entire surrounding area. The typological variety of the residential units and their succession along a central, continuous but broken path means that the form of the places is always different, and with it is different the experience of those who inhabit the buildings or only those who walk through the system of green spaces that follow one another: from the central space of the buildings arranged around the large lawn along a perimeter that traces the shape of the demolished stadium, emphasizing its lay of the land, to the garden system of the single-family houses and their pergolas, to the greenery of the houses in line, arranged parallel to the sides of a large central lawn.
L. Cardani (edit by) Studio Monestiroli Opere e progetti di Architettura Electa Milan 2021
A. Monestiroli, L. Semerani (edit by) La casa. Le forme dello stare
Skira Milan 2011